Recently I reviewed the way our bodies use water.
Yes, our bodies are composed of a large amount of water. What is the percentage?
Between 50 to 65% for adults. Up to 75% for toddlers.
We use up 1 to 1.5 mililitres of water for every calorie we eat. We have natural evaporation through the day, lost through sweat. Exercise, heavy physical work and air temperatures, our age, our body weight, all have an effect on this evaporation. These factors determine how much water each individual needs to drink.
Most Men should drink about 13 glasses of water a day, while women about 9.
How the body uses water
All enzymes in the body which help our body keep healthy only work in water by a “hydrolic action”.
Here are some examples:
Making saliva, which keeps our mouth comfortable, but did you know you need saliva production to digest your food properly. (That is why we need to chew our food well).
Saliva production when we eat, sends messages to the brain to start the digestion process.
Body fluids lubricate your joints, so that they can move comfortably and without inflammation and pain.
Water makes up approximately 90 % of plasma. Plasma is the water that sits in-between the cells and inside the cells of the body.
Our blood is made up of 55% plasma or 50% of water. This allows the red blood cells to carry the oxygen and circulate it around our body.
Blood carries nutrients and oxygen around our bodies to muscles and organs.
Blood also carries the carbon dioxide that our cells make after using up oxygen, back to our lungs so that we can breathe it back into the open air and out of our body.
Blood also carries some wastes such as lactic acid which our muscles make when we move around or exercise, back to our kidney and liver to be filtered and then removed from the body.
Our blood is warm so it keeps our body warm.
We need water to moisten cold air before it hits the lungs.
What times do we need more water than usual?
- Any time we are tending to breathe through our mouth
- Anytime we drink soft drink such as cola, fanta or lemonade.
- Any time we drink caffeine, like coffee or tea.
- Any time we have drunk some alcohol.
- Excessive sweating for any reason.
- When we have a fever.
- Physical exercise.
- Hot weather. High humidity weather
- Some diseases such as diabetes.
- When we have been exposed to toxic chemicals.
- When we are losing weight.
- When we have been ill and vomited.
- Toxic exposure to metals such as lithium, mercury.
What water apps can you find to help remind you to drink water through the day.
Here is one.
Symptoms of not having enough water (dehydration)
- Feeling thirsty
- Light headedness.
- Dry lips
- Dark coloured urine
- Fatigue and exhaustion.
- Sore muscles and joints.
- Seizures, stumbling and clumsiness.
About the Author:
Sharon Wilde is resident Naturopath at Cranbourne Family Chiropractic and Wellness Ctr. She was introduced to Naturopathy as eighteen, when her mother dragged her to get a treatment for a variety of health problems. What began as a desire to understand and support her own health has morphed into a passion to help others live their healthiest lives possible.
After seven years of training Sharon is a fully qualified Naturopath. She draws upon years of wisdom and experience to carefully assess your current situation and explain your treatment choices.
Sharon says: “With the right information a customised naturopathic care plan can be created to fit your situation and lifestyle. The holistic approach fosters wellbeing and puts your health back into your hands. That’s empowering!”